Protection or Proliferation? High Containment Labs and Other Facilities of the US Biodefense Program

Backyard Bioweapons

 

Protection or Proliferation?

High Containment Labs and Other Facilities of the US Biodefense Program(pdf)

Key: High Containment Labs and Other Facilities of the US Biodefense Program

This map shows existing biosafety level three and four facilities used in US biodefense research, as well as planned biodefense labs. It also shows important aerosol facilities and open air testing locations used in biodefense. BSL-3/4 facilities not known to be heavily dedicated to biodefense are not indicated here.

Operational BSL-4 Facilities
USAMRIID Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland
DCLS "Biotech Six", Richmond, Virginia
Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia (x2)
Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
Southwest Fdtn for Biomed. Res., San Antonio, TX

Planned / Under Construction BSL-4 Facilities
Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts
NIH Integrated Res. Fac., Frederick, Maryland
DHS NBACC (Phase 1), Frederick, Maryland
USAMRIID (Phase 1), Frederick, Maryland
USDA Planned Facility, Frederick, Maryland
Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
Rocky Mountain Labs, Hamilton, Montana

Operational BSL-3 Facilities
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
DHS / USDA Plum Island, New York
CALSPAN-UB, Buffalo, New York
SUNY, Stony Brook, New York
PHRI, Newark, New Jersey
Wadsworth Center, Albany, New York
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelipia
Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh
Armed Forces Inst. of Pathology, Washington, DC
Naval Medical Research Ctr., Silver Spring, Maryland
University of Maryland CARB, Rockville
US Army SBCCOMs, Aberdeen, Maryland
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Southern Research Institite, Frederick, Maryland
Versar, Gaithersburg, Maryland
The Pentagon, Northern Virginia
American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA
George Mason University, Manassas, Virginia
Naval Surface Weapons Center, Dahlgren, VA
Commonwealth Biotechnologies, Richmond, VA
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
University of Kentucky, Lexington
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee
Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
USDA FSIS / MOSPL, Athens, Georgia
Midwest Research Institute, Palm Bay, Florida
Univerity of Miami, Florida
US EPA, Cincinatti, Ohio
Battelle Memorial Inst., West Jefferson, Ohio
IITRI, Chicago, Illinois
University of Wisconsin-Madison
St. Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, Missouri
University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Southern Reseach Inst., Birmingham, Alabama
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge
University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas
University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio
Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX
Texas Technological University, Lubbock
Texas A&M University, College Station
Oklahaoma State University, Stillwater
Colorado State Unversity, Ft. Collins, Colorado
Centers for Disease Control, Ft. Collins, Colorado
Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, New Mexico
Lovelace Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff
University of California, Irvine
University of California, Los Angeles
San Diego State University, California
Scripps Research Inst., La Jolla, California
Lawrence Livermore Lab, Livermore, California
University of Washington, Seattle

(Major) Planned / Under Construction BSL-3 Facilities
Tufts University, Grafton, Massachusetts
UMD of New Jersey, Newark
University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
University of Maryland, Baltimore
George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia
University of Lousiville, Kentucky
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Medical University Of South Carolina, Charleston
University of Georgia, Athens
Scripps Institute, Palm Beach County, Florida
University of Alabama at Birmingham
University of Tennessee at Memphis
Tulane Primate Center, Covington, Louisiana
University of Missouri, Columbia
University of Iowa, Iowa City (RCE planning)
USDA / Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Argonne National Lab, Argonne, Illinois
Agricultural Biosecurity Ctr., Manhattan, Kansas
Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (RCE planning)
University of Texas at El Paso
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah
Centers for Disease Control, Ft. Collins, Colorado
Colorado State University, Fort Collins
Pacific Northwest National Lab, Richland, Washington
University of Hawaii, Manoa

Bioweapons Agent Production Facilities
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

Biodefense Aerosol Facilities
CALSPAN-UB, Buffalo, New York
US Army Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
George Mason University, Manassas, VA
Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, MO
Lovelace Institute, Albuquerque, NM
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

Open-Air Testing Facilities
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah
Nevada Test Site (proposed)
White Sands Missile Range, NM (probable)

Classified or Secretive Research
US Army Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
USAMRIID Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD
Versar, Gaithersburg, MD
Commonwealth Biotechnologies, Richmond, VA
Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, AL
Battelle Institute, Columbus /W. Jefferson, OH
Southwest Fdtn for Biomed. Res., San Antonio, TX
Texas Technological University, Lubbock
DTRA et. al., Kirtland / Albuquerque, NM
US Army Dugway Proving Ground, UT
DOE Nevada Test Site

Notable (Known) Recent US Accidents and Releases
Lab-acquired Tularemia (3x), Boston Univ, MA (2004)
Plague-infected mice "lost", UMDNJ, Newark, NJ (2005)
Lab-acquired E. coli O157:H7, USDA, Wyndmoor, PA (2002)
Anthrax in letters from Ft. Detrick (probable), MD (2001)
Anthrax-contaminated offices, Ft. Detrick, MD (2002)
Ebola needle stick, Ft. Detrick, MD (2004)
Lab-acquired E. coli O157:H7, USDA, Beltsville, MD (2003)
Live anthrax shipped as "dead", SRI, Frederick, MD (2004)
H2N2 flu in test kits, Meridian Biosci., Cincinnati, OH (2005)
Thomas Butler Case, Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock (2003)
Q Fever exposure, Rocky Mtn. Labs, Hamilton, MT (2005)
Faulty aerosol chamber infects 3, IDRI, Seattle, WA (2004)
Live anthax mishandled, Oakland Children's Hosp, CA (2004)

Wants to Construct a BSL-4 Lab (not indicated on map)
Wadsworth Center, Albany, New York
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee
University of Illinois, Chicago
Texas Technological University, Lubbock
University of Nebraska Medical Ctr, Omaha
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
University of California, Davis
Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland

REPRODUCTION OF THIS MAP IS SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS STATED AT HTTP://WWW.SUNSHINE-PROJECT.ORG/BIODEFENSE | v2.55 (20 Feb 2006)